Refugees have become political pawns in a power play between the EU, Greece and Turkey. Turkey abrogated its deal with the European Union to contain refugees within its borders, as a means of pressuring the EU to support its military campaign in Syria. Dramatic scenes ensued at the land and sea borders between Greece and Turkey: Greek police tear-gassing and pushing back crowds of asylum-seekers at a northern border crossing; the Hellenic Coast Guard firing warning shots at a dinghy full of asylum-seekers in the Aegean Sea; angry protesters preventing another group in a dinghy from disembarking in the port on the island of Lesvos. Amid all this came a timely reminder of what can happen when people feel compelled to attempt ever more dangerous journeys. The UN migration agency, IOM, announced that the drowning of 91 people off the coast of Libya last month and other recent fatalities had taken the toll in the Mediterranean Sea since 2014 above 20,000.
“The disappearance and presumed drowning of at least 91 people reported missing aboard a dingy north of Garabulli, Libya, on February 9 is the latest in a series of so-called ‘ghost boats’ that have vanished en route to Europe, claiming hundreds of lives,” said Frank Laczko, Director of IOM’s Global Migration Data Analysis Centre.
The rise in deaths has slowed in recent years, but the death rate per crossing has been increasing, as riskier trips are attempted and as search and rescue efforts have been curtailed—by right-wing governments and, more recently, the coronavirus. The crews of two humanitarian vessels have been under a 14-day quarantine off the ports of Messina and Pozzallo, Sicily.
Adopted from The New Humanitarian, March 6.
Dozens of migrants die in shipwreck off Libya
At least 45 migrants and refugees, including five children, have died in the deadliest shipwreck off Libya this year, the UN refugee agency says. They were among more than 80 people on board a vessel whose engine exploded off the coast of Zwara, the UNHCR said.
The deaths were reported by some 37 survivors rescued by local fishermen. (BBC News)
Fire destroys Lesvos refugee camp
Thousands of migrants are left without shelter after overnight fires gutted their overcrowded camp on the Greek island of Lesbos. The Moria camp, which hosts more than 12,000 people, was “probably totally destroyed,” a Greek migration official said. (Reuters)
At least 20 migrants dead in shipwreck off Tunisia
At least 20 migrants have died after their boat capsized in the Mediterranean off the coast of Tunisia, officials say. Tunisian coastguard boats retrieved the bodies off the coastal city of Sfax.A search is continuing for at least 20 more people who are still missing. Five survivors were rescued. The boat, with an estimated 45 people on board said to be from sub-Saharan Africa, was attempting to reach Italy. (BBC News)