China broadens scope of anti-espionage laws


TheĀ Standing Committee of the National People’s Congress on April 26Ā approved revised amendments toĀ the Counter-Espionage Law of the People’s Republic of China,Ā in the first revision of the legislation since 2014. Under the previous law, threats to national security narrowly concerned state secrets. However, the new provisions broaden the scope ofĀ “espionage” to encompass any action, document, data or material which may be considered a threat to national security by state authorities. The reforms also expand the duties of law enforcement personnel in countering espionage activity, and the definition of “spying” has been broadened to include cyberattacks. The reforms follow President Xi Jinping’s new emphasis on strengthening “national security.”

The amendments will go into effect in July 2023.

From Jurist, April 28. Used with permission.

See our last report on the crackdown on dissent in China.


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    The sentence follows terms of more than a decade in prison each handed to two prominent rights lawyers, Ding Jiaxi and Xu Zhiyong in April. (VOA)

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