Indigenous candidate upsets Ecuador elections


Ecuador is heading to a run-off presidential race in April after leftist candidate Andrés Arauz of the Union of Hope (UNES) coalition won a first-round victory Feb. 7, following years of economic austerity made more painful by the pandemic. However, in a surprise development, his rival leftist Yaku Pérez Guartambel of the indigenous-based Pachakutik party emerged neck-to-neck with conservative banker Guillermo Lasso of the right-wing Creating Opportunities (CREO) party. The vote is still too close to call which challenger Arauz will face in the April run-off. (The Guardian, Al Jazeera, CNN, El Comercio, LexLatin)

There is a sense of deja vu here.¬†Arauz¬†is considered the protege of the exiled ex-president¬†Rafael Correa, who has maintained some left-populist credibility despite his embroilment in the¬†Odebrecht scandal.¬†When the incumbent Len√≠n Moreno¬†came to power four years ago, he was similarly perceived as Correa’s chosen successor, having served as his vice preisdent.¬†UNES split from Correa’s former vehicle, the¬†Alianza PAIS, as it tilted right¬†under Moreno’s leadership.

The governments of both Correa and Moreno have been challenged by Ecuador’s powerful indigenous movement, of which Yaku P√©rez has been a prominent leader. Recently elected as prefect of¬†Azuay province, he was longtime leader of the¬†Kichwa Confederation of Ecuador (ECUARUNARI). He recently changed his given name from Carlos to Yaku, which means “water”¬†in the¬†Kichwa language, to honor the indigenous struggle to protect Ecuador’s water resources from extractivism.

The indigenous movement had also been an early supporter of Correa, but broke with him over his embrace of an economic model based on resource extraction‚ÄĒif this time offering favorable terms to China rather than the US, but still enforced through repression. In the 2017 election, P√©rez actually¬†supported¬†Lasso over Moreno, saying,¬†“We prefer a banker rather than a dictatorship that has stripped us of our territories, declared a state of emergency and locked us up in jail.”

Reflecting the current division on Ecuador’s left,¬†People’s Dispatch, supporting¬†Arauz, writes that¬†P√©rez’s “political views fuse ultra-leftist, anarchistic critiques of existing left-wing states with an objectively right-wing political agenda.” P√©rez is called out for saying¬†he “would not think twice”¬†about signing a trade deal with the United States. However, in the original source‚ÄĒan interview last month with Guayaquil’s¬†El Universo‚ÄĒhe actually said “would not think twice” about a trade deal with the US “if [it] favored the majority” in Ecuador. “It is not a bad idea per se, it depends on the clauses,” he added. Now, there’s a good case that¬†P√©rez should be called out for this statement, but it should be done honestly.

In an interview with Ecuador’s¬†anarchist-oriented Revista Crisis,¬†P√©rez portrays¬†CREO, UNES and PAIS alike as parties of the right: “Neoliberalism is advancing, the right has not lost currency. The right has been [in power] since Correa, despite the fact that he disguised himself as a leftist. There is also a resurgence of the left;¬†Pachakutik¬†is configured within this line, but not within an orthodox fundamentalist line, but open… The hope…is truly placed on¬†Pachakutik, because there is no other political movement or party of the left with social and political force at this moment… Socialism is practically non-existent.”

Photo: Revista Crisis

  1. Bird blows cover on Ecuador election propaganda ploy

    An attempt to influence Ecuador’s elections with a fake video purportedly showing Colombia guerrllas endorsing candidate Andr√©s Arauz was thwarted by a keen-eared ornithologist.

    In the video, shared on social media, three masked gunmen stand before the red-and-black flag of the ELN to proclaim their support for Arauz. A caption read “SELVA DE COLOMBIA” (jungle of Colombia). But a bird’s call in the background was¬†recognized¬†by ornithologist Manuel S√°nchez as that of a¬†pale-browed tinamou‚ÄĒwhich is only found in the¬†Tumbesian dry forest¬†along the coast of southern Ecuador and northern Peru. (The Guardian)


  2. Gringo idiot-left disses Yaku P√©rez ‚ÄĒof course

    Of course. The¬†inevitable¬†Aaron¬†Mat√© retweets¬†effluvia¬†from the¬†vile¬†Ben Norton bashing¬†Yaku P√©rez, saying his “US-backed party Pachakutik is a Trojan horse for right-wing oligarchs & US imperialism.”

    Give it a rest guys, willya?

  3. Letter responds to gringo left bashers of indigenous politics

    An “Open Letter to Editors of Jacobin and Monthly Review” urges: “Stop Racist and Misogynist Attacks on the Emergent Indigenous, Eco-Feminist Left in Latin America.” It is responding to attacks on¬†Yaku P√©rez and his partner¬†Manuela Picq by¬†Ben Norton¬†(whose piece referenced above was run in Monthly Review) and¬†Denis Rogatyuk, who ran¬†similar effluvia¬†in Jacobin. (New Politics)