Ethiopia: ceasefire over humanitarian concerns

Debre Marqos

Ethiopia’s federal government announced a ceasefire in Tigray region┬áon July 2. The Ethiopian National Defense Force and the federally-recognized Provisional Tigray Administration left Tigray’s capital Mekelle as part of the ceasefire, pausing eight months of war. The Tigray Defense Force, loyal to the ousted regional government and now in rebellion, has not agreed to the government’s ceasefire. Rosemary DiCarlo, the UN Under-Secretary-General for Political & Peacebuilding Affairs, said “we urge the TDF to endorse the ceasefire immediately and completely.”

The government cited humanitarian concerns in declaring the ceasefire. According to DiCarlo, “civilians have paid the heaviest price”┬áfor Tigray’s armed conflict. The UN estimates that the war has displaced 1.7 million persons. In addition, it estimates that 400,000┬áface famine, with 1.8 million more “on the brink of famine”┬ádue to the conflict.

DiCarlo said “strict respect for international humanitarian law and human rights law”┬áis necessary for civilians’┬áprotection and wellbeing. DiCarlo also called for the conflicting parties to “offer all necessary assistance”┬áto the investigation jointly undertaken by┬áthe UN and the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission, which began in March. She stated that accountability is necessary for “the grievous human rights violations┬ácommitted during the conflict, including acts of sexual violence against children and adults and mass killings.”

Additionally, the UN Acting Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Ramesh Rajasingham, encouraged the conflicting parties to “stop fighting to allow humanitarian aid to get through unimpeded and to protect civilians.”

Rajasingham specifically urged humanitarian aid be guaranteed safe road access in and out of Tigray, including bypassing checkpoints.

But Rajasingham noted that the provision of humanitarian aid is not a panacea. He warned that unless Tigray can return to pre-war normality, “famine will take an even tighter grip on Tigray.”

From Jurist, July 5. Used with permission.

See our last post on the Tigray conflict.

Photo of youth peace demonstration in Debre Marqos by Yonas Bosco via VOA