Hundreds of thousands filled the streets of Barcelona as a general strike was called to protest "grave violation of rights and freedoms" by Spanish security forces during the vote on independence for Catalonia. Civil Guard troops mobilized to Catalonia are being cheered along the way by crowds of right-wing Spanish nationalists waving the national flag and chanting provocatively, "Viva Franco!"
Separatist group ETA said in a communique that it will not abandon its goal of an independent Basque state on the French-Spanish borderlands despite surrendering its arms.
Survivors of the 1976 massacre in Vitória, Spain, marked the anniversary by demanding official recognition of the incident, excised from the history of the post-Franco transition.
Spanish police fired rubber bullets and baton-charged "indignado" protesters holding an "Occupy Congress" action against a new round of announced austerity measures.