A reserve for uncontacted tribes in the remote Peruvian Amazon has been made off-limits to oil and gas companies. The decision was revealed May 21 at a promotional event held in London by Perupetro, the state company responsible for promoting oil and gas exploration in Peru. The vast majority of the reserve had been previously open to exploration by Brazilian company Petrobras, in an area known as Lot 110.
The Murunahua Territorial Reserve in Ucayali region is inhabited by one of the world’s last uncontacted indigenous people, a tribe known as the Murunahua (or Chitonahua). When some Murunahua were contacted for the first time in the mid-1990s, an estimated 50% of them died.
However, Perupetro also announced it intends to open 25 new “lots” for oil and gas exploration, totalling 10 million hectares, almost all in the Amazon. This move has been immediately criticized by Peru’s national Amazon indigenous organization, AIDESEP, which called it a “new provocation” and a “new threat” to Peru’s indigenous population.
Perupetro’s promotional tour began in Houston earlier this week. The company chairman, Daniel Saba, has made numerous inflammatory comments in the recent past, including denying uncontacted tribes exist or that any reserves have been created for them.
Survival International director Stephen Corry said today, “It’s good news that the Murunahua Reserve has been made off-limits to oil and gas companies because it would have been extremely dangerous to the tribes, and the companies would have had no consent to operate there. But Perupetro must now extend that precedent to other areas in Peru: it must not allow companies to work anywhere where they don’t have the consent of local people—uncontacted or not.”
From Survival International, May 21
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