Ba’ath-Sufi convergence in Iraq insurgency?

Iraqi special forces are said to be closing in on the most senior member of Saddam Hussein’s inner circle still on the run, Izzat Ibrahim al-Douri, head of the now-outlawed Ba’ath party. Al-Douri, who was the king of clubs in the US military’s famous playing-card deck of wanted Iraqis, is said to be hiding near Saddam’s home town of Tikrit. He is believed to be leading an armed unit called the “Men of the Army of the Naqshbandi Order,” known by its Arabic acronym JRTN, drawn from followers of one of Iraq’s oldest Sufi orders. In a January video, Douri, surrounded by men in uniform, urged resistance to Iraq’s Shi’ite-led government. April was the bloodiest month since 2008 in Iraq, with sectarian violence claiming more than 700 lives. (PBS News Hour, May 2; The Guardian, April 18)

In 2006, it was reported that the followers of the Qadiri Order had joined the insurgency against the US occupation. While Sufis in Iraq have come under attack from Sunni militants, there have also been signs of a dialogue between Sufis and Sunni jihadists in the opposition.